Kronoberg region in southern Sweden has a long and strong storytelling tradition. In the late 1980’s a number of librarians and teachers in the region realized that the total loss of the tradition of storytelling was imminent. They – some of them experienced storytellers – first engaged in small-scale activities before they organized a festival (May 1990, Ljungby) in which practitioners, enthusiasts and experts from various places in Sweden participated. This was the start of the Land-Of-Legends (Sagobygden) based in the municipalities of Ljungby, Alvesta and Älmhult, a safeguarding programme and practice that ever since have grown.
Above: The storyteller Mikael in a childrens classroom. Photo: Berätternätet Kronoberg
The objectives of the programme are:
- Raise awareness about the endangered viability of storytelling;
- Develop measures for revitalizing storytelling, initially in the Kronoberg region;
- Provide spaces for storytelling and listening;
- Explore new functions and ways of transmission for storytelling;
- Develop new venues and audiences;
- Cooperate nationally and regionally with like-minded people, storytellers as well as experts;
- Preserve the value of storytelling for the well-being of the population at large.
How it was done
The association Berättarnätet Kronoberg (the Storytelling Network of Kronoberg), has been developing, testing, implementing and supervising a growing range of activities that have succeeded in raising the visibility of storytelling, in revitalizing its practice and in applying it in traditional and new venues.
- Sagomuseet (the Museum of Legends) is situated in the South of Sweden. Photo: Berättarnätet Kronoberg.
The following activities are part of the programme:
Storytelling Festival – transmission, training, sharing
From 1990 on, Ljungby Berättarfestival (the Ljungby Storytelling Festival) has been organized every summer, attended by storytellers, academic experts and story-lovers from the Kronoberg region, elsewhere in Sweden (including story-tellers from minority communities) and, increasingly, the Nordic Region. They come to perform and listen, to follow or give seminars and lectures about storytelling and safeguarding approaches, or workshops for training new storytellers. The Festival is an important forum for sharing approaches in renewing storytelling traditions.
Promoting the tradition among the local population
Some 80 legendary places linked to specific stories are documented and marked in Sagobygden, 40 of them by wooden story cabinets.
- The story cabinets. Photo: Berättarnätet Kronoberg.
You may find them by using a special map or geocaching; you can open them and read local legends or listen to them using dedicated apps. Storytelling is regularly practiced around the cabinets, often accompanied by traditional Music.
All year long storytelling activities are organized throughout Sagobygden, in cafés, in schools and at business events, to reinforce the place of storytelling in local society and for Entertainment.
Storytelling camps for teenagers are organized.
Activities in schools and in academia
The activities are aimed at raising awareness about storytelling, and at transmitting the art. Usually schools and universities invite and pay for staff.
Methods and materials were developed for using storytelling in the museum and:
(a) in classes at all levels to contribute to solving problems such as dyslexia, or bullying;
(b) with immigrant children – to help them improve their knowledge of the Swedish language and ways of life, and talk about their own experiences.
The Association contributes to academic courses for future teachers who intend to use storytelling in their primary and secondary school teaching.
The Association has developed methods and textbooks for storytellers and staff of nursing homes for assisting people affected by dementia.
Similarly, methods were tested and materials created for working, in their own environment, with mentally challenged people.
In 2005, when a devastating storm hit southern Sweden, in particular Sagobygden, the forest fell and many lives changed radically. The Association launched an appeal: “Talk, write, and paint about the storm”. The many responses resulted in a publication, a CD, radio programmes and storytelling performances.
1. A storytelling festival
The festival is a mixture of other ICH manifestations (music), seminars and workshops. A combination of local storytellers and international guests enrich the event.
Volunteers play a crucial role. They represent different kind of groups, thus enriching the diversity of the activities.
3. Steady support
Steady support among the local population and authorities in three contiguous municipalities of the Kronoberg region: Ljungby, Älmhult and Alvesta, which have become known under the name Sagobygden. Everyone, no matter if you are a local resident or the major, you should feel involved in Sagobygden.
4. Working in schools
A close collaboration with teachers and schools is of great importance. We have teachers, pupils, sometimes researchers, doing evaluations. Our goal is to help the schools in there ordinary work. We pay extra attention to the school curriculum, so it fits together. We offer educational programs from 8 months up to university courses.
The museum opened in 1999 and was soon to become the centre of Sagobygden. It is today a popular place for tourists, visiting groups, for school children, for different kind of storytelling events and activites but also “a home” for many storytellers, to meet and exchange experiences and of course for the staff with its offices.
6. Running the legendary places in the landscape.
Local legends are highlighted especially in the landscape. These places are always open, to anyone, no admission fee, they can be read and listened to anytime of the day. We experience they are highly appriciated and locals are proud of living next to a legendary place.
The stories are inside the storyteller. We travel a lot to share stories both national and international. When working with intangible cultural heritage, it is easy to move around and work elsewhere.
8. Special needs in the society
The Association run several projects targeting groups of people in the scope of special needs. Some examples are:
a) Intergrating projects, using stories to connect diversities of people, to highlight that we often share the same stories/ICH.
b) Program for those with dementia – we have an increasing population with dementia. Their memories can be activated by storytelling